Features borrowed from foreign countries in Indian Constitution

USA

  • Written Constitution
  • Preamble
  • Fundamental rights
  • Post of vice president
  • Impeachment of president
  • Removal Supreme court and High courts
  • Judicial Review
  • Independence of Judiciary

CANADA

  • Centrifugal form of federalism with the strong center
  • Residual powers vest with Center
  • Center appoints governors of the states
  • Advisory jurisdiction of supreme court

IRELAND

  • Directive principles of State policy
  • Election of president
  • nomination of members to Rajyasabha by president

UK

  • Parliamentary form of Govt
  • Cabinet system of ministers
  • Post of PM
  • Council Ministers responsible to loksabha
  • Bicameral parliament
  • Speaker of Loksabha
  • Rule of Law
  • Single Citizenship

AUSTRALIA

  • Concept of concurrent list
  • Freedom of trade and commerce
  • Art 108 i.e Joint sitting of Parlieament

JAPAN

  • Concept of “procedure established by LAW”

USSR

  • Fundamental duties
  • Ideas of social ,economical and political justice

FRANCE

  • Idea of Republic
  • Ideas of Liberty,equality and fraternity

GERMANY

  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency

SOUTH AFRICA

  • Amendment of constitution
  • Election of members of Rajya Sabha
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